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Testing of electric motorcycles for the use on public roads

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The previous issue of Automotive Navigator Magazine, we mentioned about testing for energy consumption to be certified on the No.5 power-saving labelled electric motorcycle.  In this issue, we will cover other necessary testing topics of electric motorcycles to be registered with the Department of Land Transport (DLT) for the ride on public roads.

In general before applying for motorcycles registration to be use on public roads, the equipment concerning safety must be inspected and tested, for example, rear-view mirrors, audible warning devices, and speedometer.  In case of electric motorcycle, power of motor driven must be tested, in order to comply with the Announcement of the Department of Land Transport regarding the determination on rated power of electric motor driven vehicle under the Motor Vehicle Act 2560 which the enforcement on the vehicles driven by electric motors including the electric motorcycles in order to be driven continuously on the road with the speed the drivers' commands.

Scope of Department of Land Transport’ s Announcement of the determination on power of electric motor driven vehicle under the Motor Vehicle Act 2560

1. Intercity, business services, sightseeing, rental services, and personal cars, powered by electric motors, shall have rated power of electric motor not less than 15 kilowatts and can drive vehicle at maximum speed not less than 90 kilometers per hour
In the case of a small four-wheeled vehicle, not more than 7 passengers with a vehicle weight, not including the weight of the battery, less than 450 kilograms, or in the case of a vehicle weight excluding batteries of less than 600 kilograms, driven by an electric motor, must have the rated power of the electric motor not less than 4 kilowatts and can drive vehicle at maximum speed of not less than 45 kilometers per hour

2. Tricycle taxis and personal tricycles powered by electric motor shall have the rated power of electric motor not less than 4 kilowatts and can drive vehicle at maximum speed not less than 45 kilometers per hour

3. Motorcycle powered by electric motor shall have the rated power of the electric motor not less than 250 watts (0.25 kilowatts) and can drive vehicle at maximum speed not less than 45 kilometers per hour

4. Road roller and tractor drove by electric motor shall have rated power of electric motor not less than 15 kW.

The testing requirements for motor which must be able to drive the vehicle with weight includes the load as specified by the manufacturer at the maximum speed as specified in the announcement continuously not less than 30 minutes with one charge of battery cycle. In the case of electric motorcycles, if the speed drops below 45 kilometers per hour while testing, it is considered not to meet the specified criteria.

The pictures of testing and test results at the maximum speed not less than 45 kilometers per hour and not less than 30 minutes

In addition to the power testing of electric motors driven, the DLT also requires testing of safety-related equipments, which are speedometer, rear-view mirror, and audible warning device.  Speedometer is a device to display the vehicle speed to the driver which needs with the DLT's announcement specifications, characteristics, installation, specified criteria, methods, and conditions of speedometer type approval for vehicles and motorcycles B.E. 2557 which is based on UN R39 standard. 

The testing is to ride an electric motorcycle on the chassis dynamometer which provides a fixed speedometer at 40 kilometers per hour or 80 kilometers per hour (depend on the vehciel maximum speed as the manufacturer specified).  The velocity shown on speedometer will be compared with the speed of the chassis dynamometer as the following relationship 0 ≤ (V1 - V2) ≤ 0.1 V2 + 4 whereas

          V1 = Velocity shown on speedometer
          V2 = Velocity of chassis dynamometer

The audible warning device, the noise level and durability test must be measured including installation according to the DLT's announcement regarding specifications, characteristics, installation, specified criteria, methods, and conditions of audible warning device design and installation certification for vehicles and motorcycles B.E. 2557 which is based on UN R28 standard.  And the rear-view mirror of motorcycles which referred to UN R81 standard, is the determination of the dimension, strength, and the reflection characteristics of the materials according to the DLT's announcement regarding characteristics and installation of visual equipment for motorcycles, and specified criteria, methods, and conditions of visual equipment design and installation certification for motorcycles B.E. 2557.  All testing of electric motorcycles and related equipment mentioned above, Thailand Automotive Institute has provided those testing services for the domestic manufacturers and importers to comply with the DLT's announcement.

Therefore, those who want to use electric motorcycles for traveling and riding on public roads should consider the vehicles which have been tested in accordance with the DLT regulations to apply for vehicle registration and on-road use safely.

For more information:
Testing Center of Thailand Automotive Institute
655 soi 1, Bang Poo Industrial Estate, Moo 2,
Sukhumvit Road, Km.34, Muang, Samutprakarn 10280.
TEL : 0-2324-0710-9 Ext.134-135,138  
FAX : 0-2323-9598
Email : tsa@thaiauto.or.th   
Line@   : @thaiauto




 
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